The causes are diverse; among them are poverty, war, terrorist attacks, and resulting consequences of Saddam Hussein’s dictatorship which caused many deaths and unstable families due to the death of one or both parents. According to the latest estimates of the Ministry of Planning, there are more than 700,000 orphans throughout the country. Children who lose one or both parents face a life that is bleak, leaving them with no parent to feed them, no mother to wipe their tears, and no one to keep a roof over their heads.
Another at-risk population, widowed women, face the daunting of supporting their families without proper education, job skills, or knowledge of how to enter the world of employment. Single mothers are faced with caring for families without the vital resources to do so, meaning it becomes nearly impossible for them to provide food and shelter for their families.